Nymphaeaceae
Victoria amazonica

 

Victoria amazonica is the largest water lily in the world. Lilies are especially abundant in the várzea during the flood season. When the water is low, the seeds will survive drought and herbivores (such as fish) in pools on the várzea called poços (1). In the Brazilian Amazon, Victoria amazonica seeds and rhizomes are important items consumed by riverine inhabitants (2) The root, stem and seed of the lily are all edible, and the species is also used in traditional medicine (3).

(1) http://spot.colorado.edu/~stallard/Victoria.htm

(2) Piedade, MTF, Junk, WJ (2000) Sustainable Management of Species Diversity and Primary Production of Herbaceous Plants of the Central Amazon Floodplain. German-Brazilian Workshop on Neotropical Ecosystems – Achievements and Prospects of Cooperative Research Hamburg. Session 6: Concepts and Paradigms for Management of Ecosystem Resources

(3) Castner, JL, Timme, SL and Duke, JA (1998) A field guide to Medicinal and Useful Plants of the Upper Amazon. 154 p.