Melastomataceae
Bellucia aff. grossularioides • Goiaba de Anta

 

The fruit of this tree is edible and eaten by agoutis and tapir. When the fruits have ripened and fallen to the ground, one may see agoutis enjoying the fruits underneath the trees at Amazonat. In the Amazon in general, tapir used to be hunted while eating Bellucia fruits by people hidden on a platform in a tree nearby (1). The common name of the tree - Goiaba de Anta - refers to this, since "Anta" means "Tapir". The bark, leaves and fruits of Bellucia grossularioides are known to be used in traditional medicine in the Amazon (2,3). Near Amazonat, the ripe fruits serve as a basis for syrup in case of flues and colds, and the bark is known to heal cuts and wounds (1).

(1) Guides at Amazonat (pers. comm.)

(2) Mors, WB, Rizzini, CT and Pereira, NA (2000) Medicinal Plants of Brazil. Reference Publications Inc: 501 p.

(3) Castner, JL, Timme, SL and Duke, JA (1998) A field guide to Medicinal and Useful Plants of the Upper Amazon. 154 p.