Lauraceae

Aniba canelilla • Preciosa

Aniba canelilla is traditionally known for various medicinal applications (1,2). In a recent study, rats were treated with the essential oil of the bark of Aniba canelilla, which caused dose-dependent hypotension and slowing of the heart rate (3).

(1) Mors, WB, Rizzini, CT and Pereira, NA (2000) Medicinal Plants of Brazil. Reference Publications Inc: 501 p.

(2) Estrella, E (1995) Plantas Medicinales Amazonicas: Realidad y Perspectivas. TCA: 302 p.

(3) Lahlou S, Magalhaes PJ, de Siqueira RJ, Figueiredo AF, Interaminense LF, Maia JG, Sousa PJ (2005) Cardiovascular effects of the essential oil of Aniba canelilla bark in normotensive rats. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 46(4): 412-21

 


 

 

Aniba rosaeodora • Pau Rosa

Aniba rosaeodora trees have become rare - such as for example in Tapajos National forest in Brazil - due to over-harvesting for essential oil extracted from the wood and used in perfumery (1). Traditionally, rosewood oil is used to treat a variety of conditions (2). The oil has been shown to have antifungal properties (3).

(1) Parrotta, JA (1995) Trees of the Tapajós; A photographic field guide. USDA Forest Service. 370 p.

(2) Mors, WB, Rizzini, CT and Pereira, NA (2000) Medicinal Plants of Brazil. Reference Publications Inc: 501 p.

(3) Simic A, Sokovic MD, Ristic M, Grujic-Jovanovic S, Vukojevic J, Marin PD (2004) The chemical composition of some Lauraceae essential oils and their antifungal activities. Phytother Res 18(9): 713-7


 

Mezilaurus sp. • Itauba
Trees known by the name 'Itauba' are appreciated for their hardwood both locally and internationally. Locally the wood may often be used to build boats.