Tabebuia spp. • Pau d'Arco


Pau d'Arco (or Ipê) comprises a group of trees belonging to the genera Tabebuia and Tecoma.
Some of the species are traditionally used to treat a wide range of ailments, with a preference for the inner bark (1,2). Quinones derived from the bark of Tabebuia avellanedae have been shown to have anticancer and antibacterial properties (3,4). 

(1) Jones, K (1995) Pau d'Arco; Immune power from the rain forest. 152 p.

(2) Parrotta, JA (1995) Trees of the Tapajós; A photographic field guide. USDA Forest Service. 370 p.

(3) Lee JI, Choi DY, Chung HS, Seo HG, Woo HJ, Choi BT, Choi YH (2006) Beta-lapachone induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in bladder cancer cells by modulation of Bcl-2 family and activation of caspases. Exp Oncol. 28(1): 30-5

(4) Pereira EM, Machado Tde B, Leal IC, Jesus DM, Damaso CR, Pinto AV, Giambiagi-deMarval M, Kuster RM, Santos KR. (2006) Tabebuia avellanedae naphthoquinones: activity against methicillin-resistant staphylococcal strains, cytotoxic activity and in vivo dermal irritability analysis. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 5: 5


Tynanthus sp. • Cipó Cravo

The common name "clove vine" is related to several scientific names, some of which are indicated to be synonyms, such as Tynanthus panurensis, T. elegans, and T. fasciculatus. Throughout South-America, clove vine is traditionally known for a wide range of medicinal applications (1,2). An extract of Tynanthus panurensis was found to contain compounds with anti-oxidant activity (2).

(1) Mors, WB, Rizzini, CT and Pereira, NA (2000) Medicinal Plants of Brazil. Reference Publications Inc: 501 p.

(2) Plaza A, Montoro P, Benavides A, Pizza C, Piacente S (2005) Phenylpropanoid glycosides from Tynanthus panurensis: characterization and LC-MS quantitative analysis. J Agric Food Chem 53(8): 2853-8

clove vine in Peru